How Stress is Sabotaging Your Results (and what to do about it)

Cortisol is a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal glands, which are located on top of each kidney. It belongs to a class of hormones known as glucocorticoids and is released in response to stress.

While cortisol is commonly associated with stress, it also plays a role in other essential functions, such as regulating metabolism, reducing inflammation, and assisting with memory formation.

Impact on the body


Metabolism: Cortisol regulates metabolism by increasing blood sugar (glucose) levels. This provides a quick energy source to fuel the body's response to stress.

However, chronic elevation of cortisol levels due to ongoing stress can lead to insulin resistance, weight gain, and an increased risk of type 2 diabetes.

Immune Function: While cortisol has anti-inflammatory properties that help the body respond to injury or infection, prolonged exposure to high levels of cortisol can suppress the immune system.

This makes individuals more susceptible to infections and delays the healing process.

Cardiovascular Health: Elevated cortisol levels over time can contribute to cardiovascular issues such as high blood pressure, atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), and an increased risk of heart disease.

Cognitive Function: Cortisol interacts with the brain and can impact cognitive function and mood. In acute stress situations, cortisol can enhance memory formation and increase alertness.

Chronic stress and persistently high cortisol levels have been linked to cognitive impairment, memory problems, anxiety, and depression.

Bone Health: Prolonged exposure to high levels of cortisol can also have negative effects on bone density, increasing the risk of osteoporosis and fractures.

Weight Management: Cortisol plays a significant role in weight regulation due to its influence on metabolism and fat storage. When cortisol levels are elevated, typically in response to stress, it can increase appetite and cravings for high-calorie, high-fat foods.

Cortisol promotes the storage of visceral fat, particularly around the abdomen, which is associated with an increased risk of metabolic disorders such as insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes.

Fitness Performance: Cortisol can have both positive and negative effects on fitness progress, depending on its levels and the context in which it's released.

In acute situations, such as during intense exercise, cortisol helps mobilize energy stores and enhances performance by increasing blood sugar levels and providing a quick energy source for muscles. Chronically elevated cortisol levels, often due to ongoing stress or overtraining, can hinder fitness progress.

Excessive cortisol can lead to muscle breakdown, interfere with muscle repair and growth, and impair recovery after workouts. High cortisol levels may contribute to fatigue, decreased motivation, and increased risk of injury, which can impede training consistency and progress.

Managing Cortisol Levels


Given its significant impact on health, it's important to manage cortisol levels effectively:

Stress Management: Adopting stress-reduction techniques such as mindfulness meditation, deep breathing exercises, regular physical activity, and adequate sleep can help lower cortisol levels.

If you’re interested in learning about meditation but aren’t sure where to begin, check out our blog on how to get started with meditation.

Healthy Lifestyle: Maintaining a balanced diet, exercising regularly, and avoiding excessive caffeine and alcohol consumption can support overall hormone balance, including cortisol.

Social Support: Cultivating strong social connections and seeking support from friends, family, or mental health professionals can help buffer the effects of stress on cortisol levels.

Mindfulness Practices: Engaging in activities that promote relaxation and mindfulness, such as yoga or tai chi, can help regulate cortisol levels and promote a sense of well-being.

Plan Ahead: Having a plan can avoid many of life’s stressors, or at least lessen them. Look over your schedule, try to meal prep, or plan to ask for help when you know life is going to get busy.

Even if your plans change, having an idea of what could happen helps you react better to changes in the moment.

Don't Pressure Yourself


While cortisol is a vital hormone that helps the body respond to stress, chronic elevation of cortisol levels can have detrimental effects on health.

By understanding how cortisol impacts various physiological processes and adopting strategies to manage stress effectively, individuals can support their overall well-being and mitigate the negative consequences of prolonged stress hormone exposure.

Prioritizing self-care, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, and seeking support when needed are essential steps in maintaining cortisol balance and promoting long-term health.

Take your time, find what works for you, and when your stress levels start to rise try these tips to help take the pressure off!

Mint Condition Fitness has personalized programs led by professional fitness and nutrition coaches who are ready to help you begin making progress on your health goals and start living the life you envisioned.